American Psychological Association (APA) Style is commonly used for citing references in science and social science courses, such as Nursing, Psychology, Education, and Social Work.
APA Style entails not only crediting sources in a particular format but also writing clearly, concisely, and without bias. This guide provides information about all aspects of APA Style. However, it's always a good idea to consult with your instructor about their expectations for your assignment. Copies of the APA Publication Manual are available at all Delgado Libraries.
Gender Diversity and APA Style
APA supports the choice of communities to determine their own descriptors. Thus, when transgender and gender nonconforming people (including agender, genderqueer, and other communities) use the singular they as their pronoun, writers should likewise use the singular they when writing about them. Although the usage isn’t explicitly outlined in the Publication Manual, APA’s guidelines for bias-free language clearly state that writers should be sensitive to labels:
Respect people’s preferences; call people what they prefer to be called. Accept that preferences change with time and that individuals within groups often disagree about the designations they prefer. Make an effort to determine what is appropriate for your situation; you may need to ask your participants which designations they prefer, particularly when preferred designations are being debated within groups. (APA Publication Manual, 2010, p. 72; see also the supplemental material to PM § 3.12)
Thus, choose the appropriate pronoun for the people you are writing about. Note, however, that many transgender people use the pronoun that matches their gender identity or gender expression, which would be she for a transgender woman and he for a transgender man.
C. Lee. (2015, November 16). The use of singular "they" in APA style.
[web log comment]. Retrieved from http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/
Murphy, C. [Colin Murphy, Ed. D.]. (2017, May 4). APA format in word 2016 in 4 minutes. [Video File].
Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qZVIa2sTbpM&feature=youtu.be