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Citing Sources: MLA

MLA Format

                                     

 In-Text Citations

 

      Both author’s name and page number must be included when the writer has not been

previously identified in the sentence.

 

Catherine’s pleasure at encountering sunshine after a period of rain is the “objective

correlative of surprise” (Miller 250).

 

      The page number alone will suffice if the writer has been identified earlier in the sentence (or if you are discussing a single author within one paragraph or within the entire paper).

 

Through the words of Penelope, Merkel acknowledges that men become slaves to attractive women with pleasing features and nice hair: “I know how you men are…when one of you happens upon such a pretty face and soft curly flowing hair” (266).

 

      Internet sources are identified with author’s name (if available) and paragraph number (only if the paragraphs are numbered in the original). If there is no author listed, use an abbreviated version of the title.

 

Many people also thought that a diagnosis of being HIV+ was an automatic death sentence. Even Michael Jordan, who was pulled out of practice to be personally informed of Magic Johnson’s condition, reportedly asked, “Is he gonna die?” (Friend, par. 30).

 

A diagnosis of HIV+ doesn’t mean that an individual has AIDS, the final stage of HIV. However, according to The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the National Institutes of Health, “virtually all AIDS patients are HIV-seropositive; that is they carry antibodies that indicate HIV infection” (“The Evidence That HIV”).

 

Works Cited Page

 

      Book – One Author

 

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of publication: Publisher, Year. Medium.

 

Collins, Larry. Freedom at Midnight. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1975. Print.

 

      Book – Multiple Authors

 

The first given name appears in Lastname, Firstname format, and subsequent author names appear in Firstname Lastname format.

 

Gourevitch, Philip, Shannon Tyman, and Errol Morris. Standard Operating Procedure. New York: Penguin, 2008. Print.

 

      Book – Dictionary/Encyclopedia Entry

 

Posner, Rebecca. “Romance Languages.” The Encyclopaedia Britannica: Macropaedia. 15th ed. 1987. Print.

 

“Sonata.” The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 4th ed. 2000. Print.

 

      Article in a Magazine (Print or Web)

 

Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical Day Month Year: page(s). Medium.

 

King, John. “Stepping Up.” Sports Illustrated 31 Mar. 2003: 46. Print.

 

Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical Vol.No (Year): page(s). Database  Name. Medium. Date Accessed.

 

King, John. "Stepping Up." Sports Illustrated 98.13 (2003): 46. Academic Search  Complete. Web. 8 Sept. 2011.

 

      Article in a Newspaper (Print or Web)

 

Bittman, Mark. “Bad Food? Tax It.” New York Times 24 July 2011, New York ed.: SR1. Print.

 

Bittman, Mark. “Bad Food? Tax It.” NYTimes.com. New York Times, 23 Jul. 2011. Web. 8 Sept. 2011.

 

      Article in a Scholarly Journal (Print or Web)

 

Hoffman, Allison C., and Donna Miceli. "Menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation behavior." Tobacco Induced Diseases 9.Suppl 1 (2011): 1-5. Academic Search  Complete. Web. 8 Sept. 2011.

 

Hoffman, Allison C., and Donna Miceli. "Menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation  behavior." Tobacco Induced Diseases 9.Suppl 1 (2011): 1-5. Print.

 

        Short Work from a Website

 

Shiva, Vandana. “Bioethics: A Third World Issue.” NativeWeb.org. NativeWeb, n.d. Web.

 

     

Based on the citation guidelines listed in A Writer’s Reference, Seventh Edition.

Last revised on 9/11/2011.

Print MLA Format